What I Learned in China
By Shlomo Maital
I try to write a blog almost every day – knowing this keeps me ever alert for new ideas to share. In this sense, blogs are as much for the benefit of the writer as for the reader.
I’ve been in Shantou China, for a week, teaching entrepreneurship to 43 eager young undergraduate business majors at Shantou University. Shantou is in the northern part of Guangdong Province, north of the provincial capital Guangzhou, close to the coast, and two hours by fast train from Shenzhen, which is opposite Hong Kong, on the mainland. My university, Technion, has a joint venture with Shantou Univ., to establish GTIIT – Guangdong Technion Israel Institute of Technology, now headed by Technion Nobel Laureate Dan Shechtman. The initiative arose from a generous grant by Li Ka Shing and his Third Son Foundation; Li Ka Shing, a Hong Kong billionaire, was born in Shantou and his foundation is active in supporting the city and its university. His investment company has invested profitably in Israeli startups.
Supposedly you cannot teach entrepreneurship to undergraduates because “they are too young and lack experience”. But Babson College does it highly successfully, using the method developed by my late friend Ted Grossman, an action learning approach in which teams of students form a real company, make a real product and learn the tools of business through running their company, under the guidance of mentors like Ted (who first launched a successful software company before joining Babson).
I use the same method in Shantou. And in one intensive week, the young students do amazing work; some of their ideas become reality, though not all. The photograph shows last year’s class.
Wages in China have risen dramatically, from about $100 a month in 2000 to $650 today (this is still only one-fourth the average wage in America, and Chinese productivity is in many cases even higher). But Philippines, for instance, has average wages of only one-sixth that of China. So China in principle should be losing its manufacturing to low-wage countries like Vietnam, Indonesia, and Philippines. And indeed it is, with shoes and textiles, low value added products, moving to those countries.
But China is keeping its high value-added jobs and enhancing them. How? China is the world’s biggest market for production robots, buying 20 per cent of worldwide production. Labor productivity rose by 11 percent yearly (!) on average during 2007-12 (it barely budged in the West). China uses its network of highly efficient suppliers to keep factories in China. China has become the hub of a complex ecosystem, in which Asian countries specialize, make components and ship them to other Asian countries. Asia now accounts for nearly half of all world manufacturing output, compared with 27 percent (about one quarter) in 1990.
Bottom line: China’s strategy is: Made in China 2025 (its official name) – boost productivity to keep competitive. If wages rise by 12 percent year but productivity does too…the cost advantage stays. But at the same time: Created in China. China is working to invent more of the products it makes. Like Xiaomi, the innovative smartphone company. And this is where I come in… teaching innovation to the young undergrads at Shantou University, not even a tiny drop-in-the-bucket in huge China, but – China is all about scale, and good ideas spread with lightning rapidity.
I truly love my annual one-week courses in Shantou; the students are fiercely eager to learn and highly creative once their creativity machines are turned on. These young people are literally eating our (Western nations’) lunch. If we don’t wake up, China’s living standards will continue to grow by 11 or 12 per cent a year, the rate of growth of productivity, and our living standards will simply stagnate (the rate of growth of OUR productivity). We need to save more, invest more, build better infrastructure, educate our young people better, and become more productive. This is what I learned in my classroom from 43 eager young Chinese business-major undergraduates.